Today we are going to take a look at the Showbread Table. It was the next item on God’s list of instructions after the Ark of the Covenant.
In the following scriptures, we find the description of the Showbread (Shewbread in KJV) Table. This table was to be placed in the Holy Place and the priests would sit in front of it and have a meal with Yahweh on Sabbath. It was a picture of today’s Communion and of the Sabbath meal celebrated weekly by the Jewish and Messianic Jewish communities in their homes. And it is also a forerunner of the Passover meal.
Are you ready? Let’s see what is here.
Exodus 25:23-30 “You shall also make a table of acacia wood; two cubits shall be its length, a cubit its width, and a cubit and a half its height. 24 And you shall overlay it with pure gold, and make a molding of gold all around. 25 You shall make for it a frame of a handbreadth all around, and you shall make a gold molding for the frame all around. 26 And you shall make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings on the four corners that are at its four legs. 27 The rings shall be close to the frame, as holders for the poles to bear the table. 28 And you shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be carried with them. 29 You shall make its dishes, its pans, its pitchers, and its bowls for pouring. You shall make them of pure gold. 30 And you shall set the showbread on the table before Me always.
Exodus 37:10-16 He made the table of acacia wood; two cubits was its length, a cubit its width, and a cubit and a half its height. 11 And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made a molding of gold all around it. 12 Also he made a frame of a handbreadth all around it, and made a molding of gold for the frame all around it. 13 And he cast for it four rings of gold, and put the rings on the four corners that were at its four legs. 14 The rings were close to the frame, as holders for the poles to bear the table. 15 And he made the poles of acacia wood to bear the table, and overlaid them with gold. 16 He made of pure gold the utensils which were on the table: its dishes, its cups, its bowls, and its pitchers for pouring.
As in the Brazen Altar and the Ark, acacia or shittim wood was used for the core of the table and its legs. This represents the incorruptible nature of Christ. Then gold is used to cover the outside of the entire table. God’s divine nature shines in this table.
What is unusual is that the top is surrounded by two crowns a handbreadth apart. Some say the handbreadth is four inches and it represents the hands of the Lord holding all in place as the table was moved from place to place. “He’s got the whole world in His hands.” 🙂
Plus the two crowns represent Yeshua’s crown as worn by the High Priest and His crown as King.
Exodus 29:6 speaks of the High Priest — You shall put the turban on his head, and put the holy crown on the turban.
Hebrews 4:14-15 speaks of Yeshua — Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. 15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.
John 12:15 “Fear not, daughter of Zion; Behold, your King is coming, Sitting on a donkey’s colt.”
Revelation 19:16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written:
KING OF KINGS AND
LORD OF LORDS.
The Table was 1 1/2 cubits high the same as the grate on the Brazen Altar and the height of the Ark of the Covenant. That is twenty-four inches tall. In the Showbread Table it represented the twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles — the twenty four elders around the throne of Yahweh. Old and New brought together in equality.
Revelation 4:4 Around the throne were twenty-four thrones, and on the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white robes; and they had crowns of gold on their heads.
More is written about them in Revelation 4:10, 5:8, and 5:14
The Table had four corners and four rings. They represented the fact that the Table was for all the believers in the world. They can come as priests and meet with Yahweh there.
The two staves or poles put through the rings stabilized the utensils on top of it as they moved from one place to another.
Yahweh wanted to be in the midst of His people and have a place to meet with them. The Showbread Table was the first place for that to happen. While we as believers can meet with Him wherever we are, there is a special closeness at the Communion table.
This is a short post but adding the information about the Bread and Wine would make this much too long. I will post the other one later today.